Windows iSCSI configuration requirements are split into two types. These requirements are needed on both staging and target servers. 

  1. iSCSI configuration required for operational stability.
  2. Optional iSCSI parameters for performance improvement.
When target environments are discovered, Delphix will configure the Microsoft iSCSI Initiator Service for Automatic startup.

iSCSI Configuration Required for Operational Stability

The following Microsoft iSCSI Initiator configuration parameters are required for the target and staging Hosts. For details about configuring registry settings, see How to Modify the Windows Registry.

You must reboot the Windows server reboot after changing the iSCSI configuration parameters.

Registry KeyRegistry ValueTypeData
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\iSCSI\DiscoveryMaxRequestHoldTimeREG_DWORD0x384 (900)
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\DiskTimeOutValueREG_DWORD0x384 (900)

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\Class\{4D36E97B-E325-11CE-BFC1-08002BE10318}\<Instance Number>\Parameters

MaxRequestHoldTimeREG_DWORD0x12C (300)

These settings will improve operational stability for VDBs and staging databases. If these settings are not adjusted, SQL Server may raise errors if VDBs are accessed during a temporary infrastructure outage. Affected VDBs may need to be manually restarted using the Continuous Data Engine. 

Delphix Knowledge Base article KB1251 includes scripts to validate or set registry parameters so that they meet current Delphix recommendations.

Optional iSCSI Parameters for Performance Improvement

The following iSCSI Registry setting may improve SQL Server dSource and VDB performance on the staging and target hosts.

Registry KeyRegistry ValueTypeData

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\Tcpip\Parameters\Interfaces\<Interface GUID>

TcpAckFrequencyREG_DWORD0x1 (1)

This setting is recommended for storage networks in Microsoft's TechNet article iSCSI and the Nagle Algorithm, described in Microsoft's document TcpAckFrequency to control the TCP ACK behavior.

In some environments, adjusting this setting may not improve performance compared to Windows defaults. Modifications to this registry parameter should be tested in each environment, to confirm that this provides a performance improvement.

Delphix Engine Validation for Windows iSCSI Configuration

Delphix Engine validates the Windows iSCSI Configurations that are set on any supported windows staging and target host with the Delphix recommended configurations while performing the following operations:

  1. Add environment operation
  2. Refresh environment operation
  3. Enable environment operation


  1. Supported if you are using Powershell 3.0 or above - If you are on Powershell version below 3.0, then the job will be updated with a warning that the Powershell version on your host is not supported for validating iSCSI parameters.
  2. The below alerts are applicable only for staging or target Windows hosts.

Additional Information

  1. Delphix Engine will only validate and will not alter any configuration in the user environment.
  2. On update of registry values on the target host to match Delphix recommendations, the faults from the Delphix engine will only be resolved if any of the operations (environment add, refresh or enable) is performed. Delphix engine will not monitor the state of the target host in the background and hence any change will not be picked up unless an operation is triggered. So, the user needs to take action for the change to reflect in faults.
  3. On a successful Delphix Engine upgrade, the latest default iSCSI recommendations will be used for validations.




Fault(Severity = Warning)


The single fault is thrown for all mismatched parameters 


The single fault is thrown for all parameters where we failed to fetch the value at the target host 



Job warning raised if we are unable to get the iSCSI parameters on the host within 5 minutes. No fault thrown at this point.


Job warning raised if the PowerShell version is below 3 on the host side during the validation of the iSCSI parameters. No fault thrown at this point. The validation is skipped.


Job warning added for all mismatched parameters 


Job warning for all parameters where we failed to fetch the value at the target host

Identifying the Instance Number for iSCSI Control Class Initiator Drivers 

  1. From the Windows toolbar, click Start and select Run from the menu. 
  2. Type regedit in the Open field and click OK.
  3. Go to the following registry key:
    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\Class\{4D36E97B-E325-11CE-BFC1-08002BE10318}\<Instance Number> where the value of <Instance Number> is the one that shows a DriverDesc value of Microsoft iSCSI InitiatorUnder the registry key, locate and expand the plus (+) sign next to the instance number. In the example below, the value of the instance number is 0002. 

 Value of Instance Number

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